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Saturday, July 18, 2020 | History

3 edition of The origins of agriculture and crop domestication found in the catalog.

The origins of agriculture and crop domestication

The origins of agriculture and crop domestication

proceedings of the Harlan symposium, 10-14 May 1997, Aleppo, Syria

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Published by ICARDA in Rome .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementedited by A.B. Damania ... [et al.].
ContributionsDamania, A. B., Harlan, Jack R., International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas., International Plant Genetic Resources Institute., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations., University of California. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Genetic Resources Conservation Program., Origins of Agriculture and Domestication of Crop Plants in the Near East, (1997 : Aleppo, Syria)
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18517311M
ISBN 109291270849

  Clear-cut morphological responses to domestication (i.e., changes in horns in bovids and tooth size in pigs) are not evident in these four livestock species until ca. 9,–9, B.P. As is the case with animal domestication in the Near East, the leading edge of plant domestication in the region is now recognized as an extended process (24, 25).Cited by: Jack Harlan was a polymath. His life-long study of crop evolution combined plant sciences, archaeology, systematics, genetics, and conservation, leaving a legacy of five decades of influential publications that explored all aspects of crop plants – their origins, their dispersal, and their continued and future role in supporting the Earth's burgeoning populations.

  1. Introduction. Over a century ago, advances in botany, linguistics, phytogeography and genetics made it possible to begin to identify the geographical origins of food crops [].Building on this work, and informed by extensive travels over five continents, the Russian scientist N. I. Vavilov proposed a number of independent ‘centres of origin’ of cultivated food Cited by: The origin of agriculture is one of the defining events of human history. S, years ago bands of hunter-gatherers started to abandon their high-mobility lifestyles in favour of growing crops, and the creation of settled, sedentary communities. This shift into an agricultural lifestyle triggered the evolution of complex political and economic structures, and technological Author: Daniel Zohary.

Origins of Agriculture Agriculture must be thought of as a series of discoveries involving the domestication of plants and animals and their management (Fig. ). The precise origin of the fi rst center of agriculture is obscure. Carl O. Sauer () has proposed that the beginnings may be southeast Asia. Its candidacy is proposed as a result of:File Size: KB. the wild ancestors of later crop species attracted the attention of hunters and gatherers, leading eventually to domestication. Robert Braidwood (Braidwood, et al. ) pioneered the systematic study of agricultural origins. from what did Braidwood infer that the hilly flanks of the Taurus and Zagros mountains was likely a locus of early.


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The origins of agriculture and crop domestication Download PDF EPUB FB2

When de Candolle () initiated the study of crop evolution, his major concern was to identify the geographic origin, i.e., the domestication center, of individual crops.

Origins of agriculture - Origins of agriculture - How agriculture and domestication began: Agriculture has no single, simple origin. A wide variety of plants and animals have been independently domesticated at different times and in numerous places. The first agriculture appears to have developed at the closing of the last Pleistocene glacial period, or Ice Age.

A Symposium on the "Origins of Agriculture and Domestication of Crop Plants in the Near East" was held at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), May The Symposium was successful in assembling outstanding speakers who delivered very interesting presentations that throw new light on several topics.

Domestication of Plants in the Old World reviews and synthesises the information on the origins and domestication of cultivated plants in the Old World, and subsequently the spread of cultivation from southwest Asia into Asia, Europe, and North Africa, from the very earliest by: Vavilov's Theories of Crop Domestication in the Ancient Mediterranean Area - A.A.

Filatenko, A. Diederichsen and K. Hammer Archaeobotanical Evidence for the Beginnings of Agriculture in Southwest Asia - G. Willcox Syrian Origins of Safflower Production: New Discoveries in the Agrarian Prehistory of the Habur Basin - J. McCorriston. Part 2. domestication has so often brought about in the transition from wild ancestor to cultivated crop.

The processes of plant domestication and the problem of how agriculture originated are Carl O. Sauer: Agricultural Origins and Dispersals, Amer. Geogr. Soc. Bovwman Memorial Lectures, Ser. 2, New York, ORIGINS OF PLANT AGRICULTURE AND MAJOR CROP PLANTS Paul Gepts Department of Agronomy and Range Science University of California, Davis,USA Keywords: domestication, crop dispersal, Columbian exchange, genetic bottleneck, biodiversity, center of domestication Contents 1.

Introduction Size: KB. The Origins of Agriculture in the Near East by Melinda A. Zeder The emerging picture of plant and animal domestication and agricultural origins in the Near East is dramatically different from that drawn 16 years ago in a landmark article by Bar-Yosef and Meadow.

This book will be required reading for all serious students of the development of agriculture and tropical human ecology. It highlights the important role which humans occupying the American tropics played in the domestication and dispersal of important crops and helps redress the dearth of literature available on that subject."Cited by: Origins of agriculture - Origins of agriculture - Agriculture in ancient Asia: On his way across the Pamirs in search of Buddhist texts ( ce), the Chinese pilgrim Song Yun noted that the crest of the bare, cold, snowy highlands was commonly believed to be “the middle point of heaven and earth”: Yet, heaven provided.

The vast majority of the population of Asia lives in the regions. Domestication and Crop History. A major breakthrough in common bean will be the identification of the molecular basis of the domestication syndrome, representing a. Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.

Charles Darwin recognized the small number of traits that made domestic species different from their wild. Publisher Summary. This chapter discusses the origins of agriculture in lowland tropics. Native Americans are mentioned to have domesticated more than species of plants before the arrival of Europeans in the 15th century; these species include maize, white and sweet potato, squash, beans, and tomatoes.

The eight case studies in this book -- each a synthesis of available knowledge about the origins of agriculture in a specific region of the globe -- enable scholars in diverse disciplines to examine humanity's transition to agricultural societies.

Contributors include: Gary W. Crawford, Robin Pages: Andean agriculture and the importance of the Andes as a center of crop diversity, the geotemporal trajectories of early agricultural ori-gins and development in this region remain very incompletely un-derstood (Pearsall, ).

Th e traditional view of highland Andean agricultural origins has focused on a core set of crops and live-Cited by: UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS ECONOMIC BOTANY - Plant Domestication and the Origins of Agriculture - B.C.

Bennett ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems(EOLSS) English in Vavilov argued that centers of the greatest diversity of a. The Origins of Agriculture: An Evolutionary Perspective presents an alternative approach to understanding cultural variation and change.

It aims to demonstrate that domestication and the origin of agricultural systems are best understood by attempting to explicate the evolutionary forces that affected that development of domesticates and Book Edition: 1. seed-crop: cereal grains, occur in simple ecological communities (low species diversity), very productive but unstable, requires constant human intervention vegeculture: root crops and tree crops, complex plant communities (multi-species), less productive but more stable than seed crop, less labor inputs needed.

The domestication of plants and the origins of agriculture was a pivotal transition in human history, which occurred several times independently around the world.

Rice was just one of the many species domesticated around the world. Current scholarly estimates are that plants were domesticated in perhaps 20 different areas around the world. Humans have domesticated hundreds of plant and animal species as sources of food, fiber, forage, and tools over the p years, with manifold effects on both human society and the genetic structure of the domesticated species.

The outcomes of crop domestication were shaped by selection driven by human preferences, cultivation practices, and agricultural environments, Cited by:.

Origin and Early Spread of Agriculture in the Old World (D. Zohary). Plant Domestication: Diffuse Origins and Diffusion (J.R. Harlan). Archaeological Evidence of the Spread and Use of some Members of the Leguminosae Family (M. Hopf).Book Edition: 1.40 Domestication and the origins of agriculture: an appraisal Evidence for plant use prior to 12 K years BP,1 i.e., prior to the end of the lastglaciation, is particularly scarce.

A rare example of plant-food remains is that ofZhoukoudian, near Beijing, China, where hominid fossils of Homo erectus have beendiscovered.A behavioral ecological approach to the origins of plant cultivation and domestication in the seasonal tropical forests of the New World.

In Foraging theory and the transition to agriculture. D. Kennett and B. Winterhalder, eds. Pp. – Berkeley: Cited by: